Akkordlohn . Zeitlohn, Akkordlohn, Prämienlohn: Ausgestaltung sowie Vor-. Arbeitnehmer beanstandet nicht berücksichtigte Prämien bei Berechnung des. Beim Akkordlohn wird die tatsächlich erbrachte Leistung entgeltet. wird eingesetzt, wenn die Berechnung genauer Akkordsätze unwirtschaftlich ist. Für den. ЪНЁЁЕЁ jìjiàn göngzi Akkordlohn m Sg. ìtÍÈFIMï jijiàn Kalkulation f-en, Berechnung f-en Ъ’ГЁК jìsuàn chi Rechenschieben m – Ъ’ГЁ’ЁЁЁ jìsuàn cuòwù.
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If this interpretation of the contrasting structures of the German and British scales seems incautious, we akkordlohm only consult the spontaneous evidence offered by the specimens’ labels.
Meaning of “Prämienlohn” in the German dictionary
berexhnung Darmstadt Druckund Verlags-Gesellschaft,p. In Britain a large number of “job-merchants” specialized in trading slightly defective goods. They believed that under such conditions they had the right to opt instead for a buddy system with a friend. The weaver’s job consisted of seeing to it that the weft thread in the loom’s shuttle or shuttles moved horizontally back and forth across the vertical threads of the warp.
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In fact, in many trades customary quotas for the amount of work to turn in per day meant that there was no functional difference between piece rates and a timed wage. For Weber’s reasoning, see pp. Despite the emphasis on the tangible length, the real process of labor consisted in giving the yarn “twists. In Bradford, for instance, companies accepted substitutes of begechnung weavers’ choosing even when they enjoyed the benefits of an overwhelming surplus of labor.
Both workers and berdchnung believed that the indexing of piece rates was founded on the principles by which agents exchanged labor as a commodity.
The scale classified the product as a mirror of the activity; cloth comprised the unit of observation, the insertion of the shots the true subject of analysis.
Mohr,pp. This natural indeterminacy makes weaving an ideal context in which historical analysts can discern the application of the schema by which factory owners and workers decided how they would measure output and outline the otherwise shapeless stuff called labor.
Did the British system of delayed penalties for defective output arise to provide a special cloak for arbitrary and irregular exactions? Even when sliding scales lapsed due to disagreement over the rates, they remained the model for selling labor. As a tool for extracting labor from weavers, the design of the scales would seem to depend only upon questions of force and pragmatism: University of Chicago Press,pp.
Once I have converted the British data to the German dimensions of thought, I will verify that in both countries, pay per weft thread inserted rises as the density of the cloth declines, although, translated to German axes, the British rise is not linear.
One firm, Christy and Sons of Lancashire, measured output in terms of the weight of the fabric produced by each loom. Pressnell, editor, Studies in the Industrial Revolution London: For examples of strikes to keep the scale’s rates in all their particulars, see Yorkshire Factory TimesOctober 25,and August 21, Jahrhunderts bis zum Ausbruch des Weltkrieges,” Ph. By the turn of the century, it had become a common technique in German firms to install on each loom a so-called Schussuhror “pick clock,” which registered the number of shuttle “shots” as the weavers carried them out.
How did these principles configure the techniques of time discipline and the employers’ surveillance of the shop floor?
For members of the steel smelters’ union, these sliding scales, based on the selling alkordlohn of steel plates, were eventually “extended to practically every class of labour which could directly affect production. British fining methods did not sit comfortably with all employers. This seems unlikely, since it obviously complicated record-keeping and since employers could raise fines even without demonstrating corresponding losses in the.
A, Kapitel IXa, Nr. Franz Kotzke,p. At most mills in Lancashire, the prices weavers received for each type of cloth were fixed by districtwide rather than firm-specific schedules. Clarendon Press,p. akokrdlohn
Expand all Collapse all. It fails to convert these numbers into a ratio or percentage to tell us how much time has been lost, or what portion of possible production time has been lost.
Stadtarchiv Cottbus, AII 3. These high-flying queries can be anchored in the secure ground of material practice by examining procedures on the factory shop floor. In the German case, by contrast, nerechnung conceived of production as a continuous function. Owners in textiles, as in many nineteenth-century enterprises, found it expedient to impose fines for defective goods—or to hold this sanction in reserve—as a deterrent against workers who might otherwise maximize their earnings by focusing on product quantity alone.
In some instances the Germans employed the efficiency ratio, not to convey information about the known, but as a way of coping with the akkorslohn.
Schloss, Methods of Industrial Remuneration London: See Calderdale Archives, JM, and pay akordlohn listed above. The British pattern compared the picks in different kinds of finished products rather than in motions. Manchester University Press,p. Verlag des Deutschen Textilarbeiterverbandes, n. For the northwest, see autobiography of Elizabeth K. The absence of a comparative perspective in Discipline and Punish is essential. An increase in take-home pay, he cautioned, might not equal capitalists’ added profit “if manufacturers achieve a gain of 12 to 16 percent in efficiency.
Since German mill owners in practice were not required to scale their payroll deductions to the weekly earnings of each worker, the difference between German and British accounting methods cannot be attributed to the legal environment. The British pay scales codified the product as the result of labor but did not identify the value of the product by modeling it on the performance of the weaving.